ASSAM FLOODS : Recrudescing Islands
The fury is over but the grim reality persists…
This project is in collaboration with Selco Foundation who work with poor communities to provide sustainable energy solutions through social innovation.
Large parts of rural India as well as urban poor areas suffer from either absence or irregularity of grid connections for electricity. Organisations like Selco provide solar solutions for home lighting along with financial support systems. These lighting systems are often one of their biggest assets. Some of these places are especially prone to natural disasters like floods.
When there is a flood, families have to evacuate their homes and move to a safer space. At this point they are cut off from electricity, clean water and other basic amenities. Most people manage to save only their lives losing all their possessions and homes.
Families in poor or vulnerable communities do invest in solar lighting for their homes. But in the event of a natural disaster, they lose this important asset. It is important that the technical solution provided suffices even during floods and they don’t have to bear the cost of the loss of this asset.
Solar powered systems also play an important role in disaster shelters – can be especially built products, buildings, hospitals, schools or other public spaces. Hence it is vital to limit any damage to solar power systems in these buildings as they are the only safe spaces during disasters.
What can design do in disaster situation like floods or landslides? Living in a country like
India where 22.1% of the population living under the recurring threat of flood devastation, it
Demands for developing solutions with regards to Disaster management. States like Uttar Pradesh,
Bihar, Asaam, Orrisa, Gujrat etc are the victims of disasters like flood. India, being a peninsular
country and surrounded by the Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal, is quite prone to
flood. As per the Geological Survey of India (GSI), the major flood prone areas of India cover
almost 12.5% area of the country. Every year, flood, the most common disaster in India causes
immense loss to the country's property and lives. For the following project we will be tapping into
North-Eastern state of India, Assam. The river flowing through Assam, Brahmaputra gets flooded
due to the Surplus water found in the Brahmaputra basin and the Barak basin. These rivers along with their
tributaries flood the northeastern states like West Bengal, Assam and Sikkim. Through this project, we will
learn from, modify, innovate and design some design solutions for the affected communities of Assam.
After a brief study tour of the affected communities in Assam, Lakhimpur I took
three main branches of scope. Shelter, Medicine and Sanitation and transport. Some of
the immediate impacts of the flood are on transport, availability of resources, food, sanitation and
The idea is to design a shelter which could resist the flood and act as a floaOng house in the
Omes of the need. Each house will be designed by using Plastic bottle meshes or combination of
rabs as a base depending on the size of the designed house. The inspiration is taking from the
Floating Bottle Island of Joysxee.
FINAL OUTPUT :